The Cauchy problem in mathematical General Relativity

Time:2024-06-12 ~ 2024-07-12 Wed, Fri 13:30-15:05

Venue:A3-1a-204 Zoom: 230 432 7880 Password: BIMSA

Speaker:Sari Ghanem (Visiting Assistant Professor)


Graduate level knowledge in differential geometry and in Riemannian geometry, and basic knowledge in partial differential equations and analysis.


This is an introductory course to mathematical General Relativity from the point of view of differential geometry and partial differential equations. The goal of this course is to provide an understanding of the Cauchy problem of the Einstein equations coupled to gauge field theories, such as the Maxwell equations and the Yang-Mills equations. The Einstein-Maxwell and the Einstein-Yang-Mills constraint equations will be explained. We will also reach to a hyperbolic formulation of the evolution problem in General Relativity for perturbations of the Minkowski space-time governed by the Einstein-Yang-Mills equations in the Lorenz gauge and in wave coordinates.

Keywords: space-time, metric, Einstein equations, Maxwell fields, Yang-Mills fields, constraint equations, Gauss equations, Codazzi equations, Cauchy problem, gauge transformations, Minkowski metric, wave coordinates, Lorenz gauge.


1. Reminders of pre-requisites:

- Elements of differential geometry: manifold, tensor, metric, Lorentzian manifold, covariant derivative, Lie derivative, connection of Levi-Civita, Christoffel symbols, Riemann tensor, Ricci tensor, hypersurface, second fundamental form, Minkowski metric.

2. The Einstein-Maxwell and the Einstein-Yang-Mills equations:

- General Relativity.

- The Yang-Mills equations: the Yang-Mills curvature, the Bianchi identities, the Yang-Mills stress-energy-momentum tensor, the Yang-Mills field equations.

- The Einstein-Yang-Mills system.

3. The Cauchy problem and the constraints for the Einstein-Yang-Mills system:

- The Cauchy problem.

- The constraint equations.

4. The gauges invariance of the equations:

- The invariance under gauge transformation.

- The diffeomorphism invariance.

5. The Einstein-Yang-Mills equations as a system on the perturbation of Minkowski space-time:

- Looking at the metric as a perturbation of the Minkowski space-time.

- The Einstein-Yang-Mills equations in a given system of coordinates.

6. The Einstein-Yang-Mills system in the Lorenz gauge and in wave coordinates as a non-linear hyperbolic system of partial differential equations.

7. Construction of the initial data and the gauges conditions constraints:

- The initial data for the Yang-Mills potential.

- The initial data for the metric.

- The propagation of the Lorenz gauge condition.

- The propagation of the wave coordinates condition.

- Construction of the initial data for the hyperbolic system given an initial data set that solves the Einstein-Yang-Mills constraints.

Lecturer Intro

Sari Ghanem had his undergraduate education at Classe Préparatoire in Toulouse and completed his Master degree in Paris, and a second Master in the USA. Thereafter, he obtained his PhD in 2014 from University of Paris VII (Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu) under the supervision of Frédéric Hélein (Jussieu) and Vincent Moncrief (Yale University). He then worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the Albert Einstein Institute (Max-Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics), at the University of Grenoble in France, and thereafter at the Universities of Hamburg and of Lübeck in Germany. Now, he is a Visiting Assistant Professor at BIMSA in China.

DATEJune 10, 2024
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